Fables

Unit 1: Aesop’s Fables’

Before reading…

Activity 1: Vocabulary Preparation

Knowledge Rating

The following words are from your story. How much do you know about these words? With a partner, discuss the words and complete the chart.

Words from story

Can define

Have seen before

?

fable

huffing and puffing

sturdy

gnaw

fortune

human characteristic

Activity 2: Personal Connections

Write a short answer to the questions.

1. List something that is hard work to do? Why do you do it?

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2. List one author you know?

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3. List something you need help doing? How does this make you feel?

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Fables

1. Stories that point out lessons are called fables. Nearly everyone knows the fable about the three little pigs. They leave home to make their fortunes. They build places in which to live. The first little pig makes his house of straw. The second little pig builds his house of sticks. The third little pig works hard to make a house of bricks. It is a good, sturdy house. Along comes a wolf that blows down the houses of straw and sticks. It eats up the little pigs. But all its huffing and puffing cannot blow down the house of bricks. The third pig stays safe.

2. The three little pigs show human characteristics. The story of the little pigs teaches that those who work hard are rewarded. It is just one fable that uses animals to teach a human lesson. Many other fables also use animals to teach lessons. The greatest fable teller, Aesop[1], told stories that usually featured animals.

3. In Aesop’s “The Lion and the Mouse,” the story is about a powerful lion and a tiny mouse. One day, the lion tires of hunting and falls asleep under a tree. Soon a small mouse runs over his face and awakens him. As the angry lion is about to crush the tiny mouse, the mouse begs to live. So the lion lets it go. Some time later, the lion is caught in a hunter’s trap. The lion roars with surprise and fury. The mouse hears the roar and races to the trap. It gnaws the ropes and sets the lion free. The powerful lion thanks the mouse and thinks to itself, “Sometimes the weakest can help the strongest.”

During reading …

Activity 3: Vocabulary

The bold words are from the story. Write a definition for these words. You may use words or phrases from the text or write your own.

fable (noun):

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fortunes (noun)

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sturdy (adjective)

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huffing and puffing (verb)

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human characteristics (noun phrase)

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Aesop (proper noun)

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gnaws (verb)

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Activity 4: Organization

Chain of Events

Read paragraph 1 again. Fill in the missing information.

Three little pigs leave home.
They build houses. A house of straw
A house of sticks
A house of bricks
He can not blow down the brick house. The third little pig is safe.

Activity 5: Comprehension Check

Write the lesson of the Three Little Pigs in your own words.

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Activity 6: True or False

Read paragraph 2 again. Circle true or false for each statement.

True/false questions

True False Fables teach lessons

True False Many fables use animals.

True False Aesop is an animal character

Activity 7: Reading for Details

Understanding the Main Characters

Read paragraph 3 again.

In the center box write one of the characters. Describe two actions you think are human characteristics.

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Activity 8: Comprehension

In your own words write the lesson for paragraph 3.

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After Reading …

Activity 9: Understanding the author’s purpose.

Authors write for many reasons. Sometime they write to entertain their readers. They may write to persuade their readers or try to get their readers to do something. Other

times the author writes to inform the readers about a topic. Ask yourself, “What was the author’s purpose?” Complete the check list and answer the following questions.

Yes No

0 0 Are all the characters in the story real?

0 0 Did you learn facts from the story?

0 0 Does the author try to teach you something?

0 0 Does the author try to persuade you about something?

0 0 Does the author have interesting characters that make you want to learn
more about them?

0 0 Does the author make the characters enjoyable?

0 0 Does the author help explain or make things easier to understand?

What is the author purpose in the story?

0 to entertain 0 to persuade 0 to inform

What clues in the story help you decide what the author’s purpose is?

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Activity 10: Telling a story

In small groups tell a story from your culture or tell about the time you learned a lesson. Use the story worksheet to organize your story. Choose one story from your group to tell to the class.

Character(s):
What happened:
What happened next:
Conclusion:
Lesson:

[1] The author of many fables

Click link below to download a Word compatible version of the Unit.

fables.unit1

Click below for Word compatible story organizer worksheet.

Story Organizer